Global Water Desalination Market Analysis

Market Size and Growth: The Global Water Desalination Market is expected to reach nearly US$ 36.98 billion by 2032, with a CAGR of 9.61% from 2024 to 2032. It was valued at US$ 16.19 billion in 2023.

Market Overview: Water desalination is a process used to purify wastewater, brackish water, and saltwater, providing vital water resources for communities. It is crucial for agriculture, human consumption, and industrial purposes. Desalination plants have become a key method for obtaining fresh water on a large scale.

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Market Trends:

  • Increased Urbanization and Water Scarcity: Urbanization is growing globally, leading to increased water scarcity in many regions. The demand for domestic and industrial water is rising, driving the need for desalination to provide sustainable freshwater sources.
  • Population Growth: The global population is expected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050, leading to increased water demand. Desalination is seen as a viable solution to address the growing water scarcity issue.
  • Technological Advancements: Advanced desalination and water treatment technologies are enhancing water security and increasing climate resilience. Innovations like hybrid desalination systems and solar-powered desalination are driving market growth.

Saudi Arabia Water Desalination Market: Saudi Arabia leads the global water desalination market due to heavy investment in desalination projects. The country relies on desalination to meet its water needs, given its arid climate.

Key Players: Major companies in the global water desalination market include Acciona, Dow, Evoqua Water Technologies, Siemens AG, DuPont, Doosan Enerbility, Toray Industries, Inc., and Xylem.

Recent Developments

  • U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and NAWI Project: The DOE and NAWI awarded funding to a project aimed at increasing the energy efficiency of desalination and water reuse technologies.
  • SUEZ Partnership in China: SUEZ partnered with Wanhua Chemical Group and CRSH for a seawater desalination project for industrial applications in China.
  • Xylem Acquisition of Evoqua Water Technologies: Xylem completed the acquisition of Evoqua Water Technologies, expanding its water and wastewater treatment solutions.
  • Marubeni Corporation’s Venture in Chile: Marubeni Corporation established a desalination and water transmission venture in Chile for Corporación Nacional del Cobre de Chile.
  • BMC’s Desalination Plant Project: BMC announced plans for a desalination plant near Manori, with the work order expected to be issued by August.

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Market Breakdown


1.      Reverse Osmosis

2.      Multi-stage flash (MSF) Distillation

3.      Multi-effect (MED) distillation

4.      Others


1.      Municipal

2.      Industrial

3.      Others

Water Source:

1.      Seawater

2.      Brackish Water

3.      River Water

4.      Others

Country Breakdown:

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa


The Global Water Desalination Market is witnessing significant growth driven by factors such as increased urbanization, population growth, and technological advancements. Desalination is becoming crucial for meeting the growing water demand in urban areas and addressing water scarcity issues. Major companies are investing in innovative technologies to improve water security and sustainability. The Middle East, particularly Saudi Arabia, is a key market for water desalination due to its arid climate and heavy reliance on desalination for freshwater.

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